Nuclear Weapons Abolition
Hundreds of non-governmental organizations world-wide are addressing concerns about nuclear weapons, urging timely reduction and eventual elimination of these and other weapons of mass destruction.
Community of Christ became part of this growing civil society movement in 2013 through adoption of World Conference Resolution 1303 Action toward Nuclear Weapons Abolition. Among its affirmations:
Resolved, That Community of Christ affirms nuclear weapons pose a grave threat to the Earth and existence of life; and be it further
Resolved, That Community of Christ join the global voices seeking to halt nuclear weapons production, support prudent action to minimize the threat or use of nuclear weapons, and urge renewed efforts toward eradication; and be it further
Resolved, That wherever practical, Community of Christ convey its support for the responsible reduction and eventual eradication of nuclear weapons, urging policy to that end by all nations.
Becoming informed about the history and present circumstance of nuclear weapons is the essential first step toward a future nuclear weapons-free world.
The following resources are particularly recommended by the Community of Christ Peace an Justice Team coordinators.
Resource Guide on Nuclear Disarmament for Religious Leaders and Communities
Resource Guide on Nuclear Disarmament for Religious Leaders and Communities was produced by Religions for Peace, described by the Global Security Institute as “the world’s largest and most representative multi-religious coalition advancing common action among the world’s religious communities for peace.” Among the topics explored in this resource: the nuclear threat, working toward a nuclear-weapons-free world, the role of religious leaders, and how to take action.
Nuclear Age Peace Foundation
Nuclear Age Peace Foundation has an extensive resource center for anyone seeking to understand the past, present, and future of nuclear weapons. Free video resources, a Peace Store, the Sunflower e-Newsletter, links to affiliate peace organizations are all featured at this site.
Nuclear Disarmament Resource Collection
This resource provides a comprehensive summary of nuclear weapons disarmament efforts, including the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons to the third Conference on the Humanitarian Impact of Nuclear Weapons. Visit the Understanding Nuclear Threats page on Nuclear Threat Initiative to learn more.
Nuclear Tipping Point
The four “Horsemen of the Apocalypse” who helped fashioned U.S. nuclear weapons policy of mutually assured destruction (MAD) during the Cold War now urge “A World Free of Nuclear Weapons”, which is the title of a prominent January 2007 op-ed in the Wall Street Journal signed by former Secretaries of State Henry Kissinger and George Schultz; former Secretary of Defense William Perry; and Sam Nunn, former Senator and chair of the Armed Services Committee.
Convinced that the policy if nuclear deterrence is no longer effective and that humanity’s best hope is the multilateral and verifiable eradication of nuclear weapons, they together formed the Nuclear Security Project and have produced Nuclear Tipping Point to convey their message. The video is available in either 52-minute or 35-minute lengths, offered without charge, either online or by requesting a DVD. Free discussion and teacher’s guides are also available at this website.
Nuclear Weapons and the International Security Context
A grassroots civil society movement is evolving throughout the world, giving voice to the majority of Earth’s citizens, who for decades have desired an end to the nuclear threat targeting civilian populations. In October 2014, a statement signed by more than 100 civil society organizations in 11 countries was delivered at the United Nations General Assembly’s First Committee, stating that “the lack of urgency on disarmament in the ruling circles of the most powerful states should shock the conscience of every person who still has one.” To read the statement and list of signatories, visit Nuclear Age Peace Foundation.
Assuring Destruction Forever
Assuring Destruction Forever: 2014 Edition explores modernization of nuclear weapons and proliferation concerns. This resources was produced by Women's International League for Peace and Freedom, the world’s oldest women’s peace organization. The size of each nuclear state’s arsenals is outlined, and the extent of nuclear weapons modernization programs.
Reaching Critical Will
Hundreds of non-governmental organizations (NGOs) are working world-wide to foster nuclear weapons reduction and abolition. Many of them are cataloged in Reaching Critical Will, a project of Women’s International League for Peace and Freedom. To view the peace groups active in your country and find contact information, visit their website.
Status of World Nuclear Forces
Curious about how many nuclear weapons there are, and who controls them? The Federation of American Scientists reported 16,3000 weapons in the world’s nuclear arsenal at the end of 2014, and posts a running tally at their website.
Abolishing Nuclear Weapons: A Debate
Abolishing Nuclear Weapons: A Debate from the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace offers a broad perspective of views in response to the 2008 publication of Abolishing Nuclear Weapons, a paper authored by George Perkovich and James Acton. Defense analysts and officials from 13 countries—both nuclear and non-nuclear—offer views to advance the often-stalemated conversation between nuclear and non-nuclear nations concerning nuclear proliferation and containment. The stated goal is “to jump-start a broad and deep international debate, based on serious analysis, of what it would take to achieve the immensely important and equally difficult goal of nuclear disarmament.” Informed citizens engaged in this conversation are an essential part of the way forward.
Resources concerning the catastrophic humanitarian effects of nuclear weapons
International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) in an October 2014 statement to the United Nations, concluded that “evidence of the immediate and long-term effects of the use of any nuclear weapon, including as a result of an accidental detonation, confirms that nuclear disarmament remains a humanitarian imperative.” ICRC emphasizes “the immense suffering that would result from any use of nuclear weapons, as well as the lack of any adequate international response capacity to assist the victims if a nuclear weapon were to be detonated.” To view their full report, visit their website.
International Physicians for the Prevention of Nuclear War (IPPNW)
A 2013 report by International Physicians for the Prevention of Nuclear War (IPPNW) indicates that lowered temperatures, precipitation, and insulation resulting from the use of even 100 Hiroshima-size nuclear bombs could result in decreased food production threatening the survival of as many as two billion of the planet’s most vulnerable people. Visit their website to read the full report: Nuclear Famine: Two Billion People at Risk?
United States Conference of Mayors
A June 2013 resolution of the United States Conference of Mayors “calls on the President and Congress to reduce funding for modernization of nuclear weapons systems, to reduce nuclear weapons spending to the minimum necessary to assure the safety and security of the existing weapons as they await disablement and dismantlement, and redirect those funds to meet the urgent needs of cities.”
Physicians for Social Responsibility (PSR)
Physicians for Social Responsibility (PSR), a US-based affiliate of IPPNW, maintains the iconic Doomsday Clock, an indicator of pending global catastrophe due to nuclear weapons, global climate change, and other emerging threats. The clock was established by Manhattan Project nuclear physicists in 1947, following the atomic bombing of Japan. In January 2015 the hands on the clock were moved forward to three minutes until midnight, a setting not seen since 1984 at the height of the Cold War. To learn why and for preventive action steps proposed by this physicians’ group, visit their website.
Mayors for Peace
Mayors for Peace was formed in 1982 to foster inter-city solidarity and enhance public consciousness toward the abolition of nuclear weapons. 6,490 member cities in 160 countries and regions have a combined population of about I billion. The organization’s “2020 Vision” calls for the immediate de-alert of all nuclear weapons, an international nuclear weapons convention, and destruction of all nuclear weapons by 2020.”